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                  Titre : An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation : printed in the year 1780 and now first published / by Jeremy Bentham,...

                  Auteur : Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)

                  Éditeur : T. Payne (London)

                  Date d'édition : 1789

                  Type : monographie imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : 9-CCCXXXV p. ; in-4

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/bpt6k93974k

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Droit, économie, politique, F-17858

                  Relation :

                  Provenance :

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  Author : Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)

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                  [DIVISION] S/' ccxciti



                  hère comprifed under the général appellation of civil, that the relations IN
                  correfponding to thofe by which they are re~pecUvely conftituted, are not
                  provided with appellatives. The relation which has a name, is that which
                  is borne by the party favoured to the party bound that which is borne
                  by the party bound to the party favoured has not any. This is a.
                  circumAance that may help to diitinguHh them from thofe conditions
                  which we have termed domeftic. In the domefUc conditions, if on
                  the one fide the party to whom the power is given is called a mafter
                  on the other fide, the party over whom that power is given, the party
                  who is the obje6t: of that power, is termed a fervant. In the civil
                  conditions this is not the cafe. On the one fide, a man, in virtue of
                  certain fervices of forbearance, which the reft of the community are
                  bound to render him, is denominated a knight of fuch or fuch an
                  order: but on the other fide, thefe fervices do not beftow any parti-
                  cular denomination on thé perfons from whom fuch fervices are due.
                  Another man, in virtue of the legiflator's rendering that fort of nega-
                  tive fervice which, confifts in the not prohibiting him from exercifing a
                  trade, Invefts him ac his option with the condition of a trader: it
                  accordingly denominates him a ~armer, a baker, a weaver, and fo on
                  but the minifters of the law do not, in virtue of -their rendering the
                  man this fort of negative fervice, acquire for themfelves any parti-
                  cular name. Suppofe even that the trade you have thé right of
                  exercifing happens to be the object of a monolopy, and that the legif-
                  lator, befides rendering you himfelf thofe fervices which you derive from
                  the permiffion he be~ows on you, obliges other perfons to render
                  you thofe farther fervices which you receivefromtheir forbearing to
                  follow the fame trade yet neither do they, in virtue of their being
                  thus bound, acquire any particular name.

                  After what has been faid of thé nature of the feveral forts of civil
                  conditions that have names, thé offences to which they are expofed
                  may, without much difficulty, be imagined. Taken by itfelf, every
                  condition which is thus conftituted by a permiffion granted to the
                  poffeffor, is of courfe of a beneficial nature it is, therefore, expofed
                  to all thofe offences to which the poueuion of a benefit is expofed.
                  But either on account of a man's being obliged to perfevere when


                  Source: / Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Droit, économie, politique, F-17858


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