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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 510 / 1186)
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k27660k/f510.image


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                  4:78 INTRODUCTION TO ZTJNI CEREMONIALISM hETH.ANN.-n-
                  1 _i:_a _a.l..a: ml. 4-

                  and the usual terms are applied to adoptive relatives. The terms are
                  stretched to include also all affinal relatives. There is no avoidance
                  and no joking relations. There is some indication of a joking rela-
                  tionship between a man and women of his father's clan, especially his
                  father's blood sister, who is also his most important ceremonial rela-
                  tive. A woman has important ceremonial obligations to her brother's
                  children, especially his male children, and in most cases she is com-
                  pensated for her services. The clan as such has no social or political
                  functions, although each individual feels his closest ties to be with
                  members of his clan, upon whom he calls for assistance in any large
                  enterprise, such as harvest, housebuilding, initiations, etc. His closest
                  ties, naturally, are with blood kin, especially the maternal household
                  in which he was born.

                  Each male is initiated at puberty into the katcina or mask dance
                  society, which thereby assumes the rôle of a tribal cult, in distinction
                  to other ceremonial groups of more restricted membership. Other
                  ceremonial groups are the 12 medicine societies composed of medi-
                  cine men and those whom they have cured, the war society, the rain
                  priesthoods, and innumerable minor cults, consisting in the main of
                  members of maternai households to whom are intrusted the care of
                  various objects of fetishistic power. Most men of advanced age
                  are amiiated with several of these groups.

                  The real political authority of the tribe is vested in the council of
                  priests, consisting of three members of the chief priesthood and the
                  heads of the three other priesthoods. The head of the hierarchy is the
                  head of the chief priesthood-the house chief (Ea'kwemosi), pekwin,who
                  is priest of the sun and keeper of the calendar, is, as his name indicates,
                  a sort of taUdng chief for the priesthood. Two bow priests, members
                  of the war society, act as messengers and the executive arm of the
                  priesthood. The heads of the katcina society are called on in an
                  advisory capacity in matters relating to their province. The prin-
                  cipal matters to corne before the council for decision are the appoint-
                  ment of civil officers, choice of the impersonators of the gods at the
                  annual festival, the insertion of important ceremonies, such as the
                  tribal initiation, into the regular calendar, the discussion of what
                  action should be taken in cases of calamity, such as earthquakes and
                  drought, the détermination of tribal policy in new contingencies-
                  such questions as whether automobiles are fire, and should therefore
                  be taboo during the winter solstice. The maintenance of these
                  policies is the duty of the bow priests and the secular officers.
                  The priests do not act in secular affairs, being too sacred to con-
                  taminate themselves with dispute or wrangling. Crime and warfare
                  are the concerns of the bow priests. Civil law and relations with
                  aliens, especially the United States Government, are delegated to the
                  secular officers appointed by the council.


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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