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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 285 / 1186)
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k27660k/f285.image


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                  r~BsoNs] CEREMONIAL ORGANIZATION 255

                  sometimes has particular functions assigned to him.~ The groups are
                  ever guarded by the war captains, but within the group itself there
                  are two who serve as guards. Neither in theory or practice is there
                  any expression of hereditary principle in the ceremonial organization
                  other than the theory which is barely pertinent that thé office of town
                  chief is filled in rotation from the Corn groups in the regular color
                  circuit.

                  Group membership proceeds through dedication in infancy (as
                  always in the case of the moieties and of the Corn groups) or through
                  self-dedication in later life, generally as a result of a vow in sickness.
                  In the Com groups the chief may appoint an assistant.
                  Women members or assistants perform thé particular services for
                  the group which are associated with women-water-fetching, clean-
                  ing, cooking, hair washing, grinding–i. e., of ritual pigments-spin-
                  ning of cotton thread for prayer feathers. Ritual may attach to
                  these services and the women may engage in independent ritual, but
                  because the women do not join in the song ritual they are not thought
                  of as occupying thé same ceremonial position as the men. They are
                  économie assistants rather than ceremonial colleagues.
                  AU the ceremonial offices are lifelong. On joining any group or
                  coming into office a person receives a naine. In general, the medi-
                  cine men are referred to as toynin, and the Com group chiefs and
                  assistants as penin.

                  The cérémonial chiefs or groups are as follows:

                  1. t'aikabede, people chief, or cacique. We refer to him as town chief. Two
                  women called mafornin do the housework in his ceremonial house. They also
                  "feed the scalps."

                  2. kumpa, assistant to t'aikabede and prospective successor; one assistant,
                  kabew'inde. Nos. 1 and 2 might be considered as a single group-that of the
                  t'aikabede and two assistants.

                  3. wilawe, war chief, with several assistants.

                  4~ a'uku'wem, scalp takers.

                  5. humaxu, hunt chief; one assistant.

                  6. shifun kabede, Black Eyes chief, chief of the moiety of the Winter people,
                  with three assistants.

                  7. shure' kabede, chief of the moiety of the Summer people, with two assistants.
                  8. te'en, grandfathers; six clown masks, besides the t'aikabede who is their
                  chief; three belong to the Black Eyes, three to the shure'.

                  9. chakabede, liwa or kachina chief; one male assistant; one female assistant.
                  10. toe'ka'ade, Town Father, medicine society chief; referred to as tutude,
                  elder sister; one assistant; seven other male members of group and three female.
                  11. birka'ade, Laguna Father, medicine society chief; referred to as bachude,
                  younger sister; one assistant, who is also childbirth doctor, with one woman assist-
                  ant eight other male members, three female. Among the speeialists are piru
                  ka'ade, Rattlesnake Father, intu ka'ade, Ant Father, the fire builder, the thief
                  catcher or detective or seer of lost objects.

                  12. Chief of White Corn people; with one assistant; two other male members,
                  and three female.

                  See pp. 299, 300, 446.


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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