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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation :

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance :

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

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                  102 THE ACOMA INDIANS [ETH.ANn.47

                  the sun. Little was leamed concerning their paraphernalia and
                  ritual. There seems to be no doubt, however, that tbey possessed
                  a stone figure of a mountain lion (as do hunters' societies else-
                  where). The Caiyaik, in addition to supplying individual hunters
                  with medicines (and fetishes-little mountain lions, perhaps), were
                  in charge of communal hunts, such as rabbit hunts; that is, tbey were
                  the ones who made the necessary arrangements with the supematural
                  world, the beasts, etc. The war cbief of the pueblo directs the hunt.
                  T~e rabbit hunt.-Nowadays the war chief officiates at the rabbit
                  hunts. He announces the time in the pueblo. Ail the people go out.
                  They go to some chosen place. The war chief prepares to build a fire.
                  First, he gathers some grass, rabbit manure, sticks, etc., which he
                  puts in a little pile. Then he draws a meal line around it and four
                  lines across it, intersecting at the center (lines from each of the
                  cardinal points and midway between them). A little corn meal is
                  put in the center, too. Then some fresh flowers are gathered and
                  placed on the rneal lines and in the center. Then the war chief lights
                  the fire. When the smoke begins to rise the war chief prays: "Sun
                  hunter, I wish you to help me to-day. Cause lots of cottontails and
                  jack rabbits to come together here." The rabbits are supposed to
                  corne then. The people go about with clubs (woBaits) and slings
                  (yaucBunin) to kill them. It is said that before a person strikes a
                  rabbit the sun will strike it and make it "kind crazy." AJ1 the
                  hunters throw com meal on the fire before they kill rabbits.
                  When the hunt is over and the people have returned to their homes,
                  the war chief goes around to ail the houses and asks for rabbits. If
                  they have killed many, they give him some. When the war chief
                  comes to a house and finds that they have brought home no rabbits,
                  he says to the boys "ba'tco wetstia" ("you must vomit"; i. e., drink
                  herb brew in the moming and vomit). Corn meal is put in the rab-
                  bit's mouth after he is brought home, and a pinch of meal is thrown
                  in the fire.

                  THE FIESTA OF SAN EsTEVAN

                  San Estevan, the first martyr, is the patron saint of Acoma; his
                  "day" is September 2. A big fiesta is beld at this time in bis honor.
                  Almost all of the Acoma people from Acomita and McCartys go up
                  to old Acoma on the Ist of September. Many whites, Mexicans, and
                  other Indians from Isleta, Laguna, Zuni, Navaho, etc., come to spend
                  the day.

                  Early in the rnoming of the 2d, just at sunrise, the great bells in the
                  old Spanish church are tolled. The village, which during the summer
                  months is practically deserted, is swarming with people, bustling
                  about getting ready for the ceremonies. The war chiefs are at work
                  on the little house which is to shelter the saint when be is removed

                  Source: / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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