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Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

Date d'édition : 1897

Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

Type : texte

Type : publication en série imprimée

Langue : Anglais

Format : application/pdf

Description : 1897 (N19,PART1)-1898.

Description : Note : Index.

Droits : domaine public

Identifiant : ark:/12148/bpt6k27629f

Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

Relation : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

Provenance : Bibliothèque nationale de France

Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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Tinklmg of the bells-Among the southern tribès in the old days the approach of a trader's cavalcade along the trail was always heralded by the jingling of bells hung about the necks of the horses, somewhat in the manner of our own winter sleighing parties. Among the plains tribes the children's pontes are always equipped with collars of sieigh bells.

In his description of a trader's pack-train before the Revolution, Bartram says (travels, p. 439) "Every horse has a beU on, which being stopped, when we startin the morning, with a twist of grass or leaves, soon shakes out, and they are never stopped again during the day. The constant ringing and clatteruigof the bells, smacking of the whips, whooping and too frequent cursing these misérable quadrupeds, cause an incessant uproar and confusion inexpressibly-disagreeable." 87. TnE WATER CANNIBALS (p. 349): This story was obtained from Swimmerand contains several points of resemblance to other Cherokee myths. The idea. of the spirit changelingiscommontoEuropeanfairylore.

r-~aaK~?This town, called bythe whites Tuckalechee, was on Tuckasegee river, at the present Bryson City, in Swain county, North Carolina, where traces of the mound can still be seen on the south side of the river.

Afraid of <7M Mt:<e/;es?See number 120, "The Raven Mocker," and notes. 88. FiBST CONTACT -mTB: wHiTEs (p. 350) The story of the jug of whisky left near a spring was heard first from Swimmer; the ulûnsu~tï story from Wafford; the locomotive storyfrom David Blythe. Each was afterward conSrmed from other sources. The story of the book and the bow, quotéd from the Cherokee Advocate of October 26,1844, was not heard on the reservation, but ismentioned by other authorities. According to an old Cherokee quoted by Buttrick, God gave the red man a book and a paper and told him to write, but he merely made marks on the paper, and as he could not read or write, the Lord gave -him a bow and arrows, and gave the book to the white man." Boudinot, in "A Star in the West," quoted by the same author, says: "They have it handed down from their ancestors, that the book which the white people have waa once theirs; that while they had it they prospered exceedingly but that the white people bought it of them and learned many things from it, while the Indians lost credit, offended the Great Spirit, and suffered exceedingly from the neighboring nations; that the Great Spirit took pity on them and directed them to this country," etc. Itis simplyanother version of the common tale of decadent nations, "Wewere once as great as you."

89. THE lEQQuois WABs (p: 351) The Jfo~oM ~ayMe?The Iroquois league oonsisted originally of a confederacy of five kindred tribes, the Mohawk, Oneida, .Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca, in what is now the state of New York; to these were added the cognate Tuscarora after their expulsion from Carolina about 1715. The name Iroquois, by which they were known to the French, is supposed to be a derivative from some Indianterm. To the English they were known as the Five, afterward the Six Nations. They called themselves by a name commonly spelt Hodenosaunee, and interpreted "People of the Long House." Of this symbolic long house the Mohawk guarded thé eastem door, while the Seneca protected the western. Their remarkable governmental and clan system is still well preserved, eaeh tribe, except the Mohawk and Oneida, having eight clans, arranged in two groups or phratries. The Mohawk and Oneida are said to have now but three clans apiece, probably because of their losses by withdrawals to the French missions. The Seneca clans, which are nearly the same for the other tribes, are the Wolf, Bear, Turtle, Beaver, Deer, Snipe, Heron, and Hawk. The confederacy is supposed to have been formed about the middle of the sixteenth century, and by 1680 the Iroquois had conquered and destroyed or incorporated all the-surrounding tribés, and had asserted a paramount 1 Dr Elias Boudinot, A Star in the West, or a Humble Attempt to Discqver the Long Lost Ten Tribes of Israel, Preparatory to Their Retum to Their Beloved City, Jérusalem; Trenton, N. J., 1816.