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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1897 Previous issue 1897 (N19,PART1)-1898. Next issue Last issue for the year 1897
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 615 / 708)
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

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                  MOONEY] NOTES AND PABALLELS 4~3

                  Tinklmg of the bells-Among the southern tribès in the old days the approach of a
                  trader's cavalcade along the trail was always heralded by the jingling of bells hung
                  about the necks of the horses, somewhat in the manner of our own winter sleighing
                  parties. Among the plains tribes the children's pontes are always equipped with
                  collars of sieigh bells.

                  In his description of a trader's pack-train before the Revolution, Bartram says
                  (travels, p. 439) "Every horse has a beU on, which being stopped, when we startin
                  the morning, with a twist of grass or leaves, soon shakes out, and they are never
                  stopped again during the day. The constant ringing and clatteruigof the bells,
                  smacking of the whips, whooping and too frequent cursing these misérable quadru-
                  peds, cause an incessant uproar and confusion inexpressibly-disagreeable."
                  87. TnE WATER CANNIBALS (p. 349): This story was obtained from Swimmerand
                  contains several points of resemblance to other Cherokee myths. The idea. of the
                  spirit changelingiscommontoEuropeanfairylore.

                  r-~aaK~–This town, called bythe whites Tuckalechee, was on Tuckasegee river,
                  at the present Bryson City, in Swain county, North Carolina, where traces of the
                  mound can still be seen on the south side of the river.

                  Afraid of <7M Mt:<e/;es–See number 120, "The Raven Mocker," and notes.
                  88. FiBST CONTACT -mTB: wHiTEs (p. 350) The story of the jug of whisky left near
                  a spring was heard first from Swimmer; the ulûnsu~tï story from Wafford; the loco-
                  motive storyfrom David Blythe. Each was afterward conSrmed from other sources.
                  The story of the book and the bow, quotéd from the Cherokee Advocate of
                  October 26,1844, was not heard on the reservation, but ismentioned by other authori-
                  ties. According to an old Cherokee quoted by Buttrick, God gave the red man a book
                  and a paper and told him to write, but he merely made marks on the paper, and as he
                  could not read or write, the Lord gave -him a bow and arrows, and gave the book
                  to the white man." Boudinot, in "A Star in the West," quoted by the same
                  author, says: "They have it handed down from their ancestors, that the book which
                  the white people have waa once theirs; that while they had it they prospered exceed-
                  ingly but that the white people bought it of them and learned many things from it,
                  while the Indians lost credit, offended the Great Spirit, and suffered exceedingly
                  from the neighboring nations; that the Great Spirit took pity on them and directed
                  them to this country," etc. Itis simplyanother version of the common tale of deca-
                  dent nations, "Wewere once as great as you."

                  89. THE lEQQuois WABs (p: 351) The Jfo~oM ~ayMe–The Iroquois league oonsisted
                  originally of a confederacy of five kindred tribes, the Mohawk, Oneida, .Onondaga,
                  Cayuga, and Seneca, in what is now the state of New York; to these were added the
                  cognate Tuscarora after their expulsion from Carolina about 1715. The name Iro-
                  quois, by which they were known to the French, is supposed to be a derivative
                  from some Indianterm. To the English they were known as the Five, afterward the
                  Six Nations. They called themselves by a name commonly spelt Hodenosaunee, and
                  interpreted "People of the Long House." Of this symbolic long house the Mohawk
                  guarded thé eastem door, while the Seneca protected the western. Their remarkable
                  governmental and clan system is still well preserved, eaeh tribe, except the Mohawk
                  and Oneida, having eight clans, arranged in two groups or phratries. The Mohawk
                  and Oneida are said to have now but three clans apiece, probably because of their
                  losses by withdrawals to the French missions. The Seneca clans, which are nearly
                  the same for the other tribes, are the Wolf, Bear, Turtle, Beaver, Deer, Snipe,
                  Heron, and Hawk. The confederacy is supposed to have been formed about the
                  middle of the sixteenth century, and by 1680 the Iroquois had conquered and
                  destroyed or incorporated all the-surrounding tribés, and had asserted a paramount
                  1 Dr Elias Boudinot, A Star in the West, or a Humble Attempt to Discqver the Long Lost Ten Tribes
                  of Israel, Preparatory to Their Retum to Their Beloved City, Jérusalem; Trenton, N. J., 1816.


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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