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                  Titre : An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation : printed in the year 1780 and now first published / by Jeremy Bentham,...

                  Auteur : Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)

                  Éditeur : T. Payne (London)

                  Date d'édition : 1789

                  Type : monographie imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : 9-CCCXXXV p. ; in-4

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/bpt6k93974k

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Droit, économie, politique, F-17858

                  Relation :

                  Provenance :

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  The text below has been produced using a process called optical character recognition (O.C.R.). Since it is an automatic process, it is subject to errors you might find in this page.

                  The recognition rate for this document is 84.84 %.

                  Of the [P R 0 P 0 RT 10 N] ~M~~&~M~ and ~~< clxxv

                  VI. <

                  4. The ~aft ob)e<~ is, whatever the mifchief be, which it is propofed 4
                  to prevent, to prevent it at as cbeap a rate as poffible. t

                  Subfervient to thefe four objets, or purpofes, muftbetherulesor 1
                  canons by which the proportion of punifhments b to offences is to be

                  Ruie i.

                  i. The firft ob~ect, it has been feen, is to prevent, in as far as it is t
                  worth while, all,forts of offences therefore, ]
                  ?%~ value of the punifhment muft not be lefs in any f~ than `
                  ~~f~M~ outweigh that of tbe profit <= 0/' the O~KC~

                  If it be, the offence (unlefs fome other confiderations, independent
                  of the puniihment, lhould intervene and operate efficacioufly in the
                  Beceana, dei diletti, § 6. id. trad. par. Morellet, § zg.

                  [Pumihments.] The famé ruies (it is to be ob~erved) may be applied, with )itt!&
                  variation, to rewards as well as puniihment: in ûiort, to motives in generai, wMch,
                  according as they are of the pleafttrabte or painfui kind, are of the nature of ~"HM~ or J
                  ~e«~«M~ and, according as the a~t they are applied to produce M of the pofitive or
                  négative kind, are âilëd impelling or reHraining. See ch. x. [Motives J xliti.
                  [Protit.] By thé profit of an offence, is to be underftood, not merely the pecuniary 1
                  profit, but the pleafure or advantage, of whatever kind it be, which a man reaps, or ex-
                  peéts to reap, from the gratification of the defire which prompted him to engage in the <

                  It is the pront (that is, the expectation of the profit) of thé offence that conftitutes
                  the /M~&'M~ motive, or, where there are feveral, the fum of the, impelling motives, by
                  which a man is prompted to engage in the offence. It is the punifhment, that is, the (
                  expe~ation of the punifhment, that confHtutes the f~r~a~ motive, which, either
                  by itfelf, or in conjaNcHon. with others, is to aët upon him in a contrary diie<3:ion, fo
                  as to ind'uce him to abitain from engaging in the offence. Accidental cirCumftances
                  apart, the ftrength of the temptatiou ïs as the force of the feducing, that is, of the
                  impelling motive or motives. To fay then, as authors of great merit and' great name
                  hâve faid, that the puniihment ought not to increa~e with the ftrength of the tempta-
                  tion, is as much as to fay in mechanics, that the moving force or MMSM/M! of the
                  ~ctu~r need not incte&fe in proportion to the momentum of the hurthm.
                  Sec cb. x. [MotIfC!.] t.



                  Source: / Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Droit, économie, politique, F-17858

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