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                  Titre : Philosophical transactions of the Royal society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

                  Titre : Philosophical transactions of the Royal society of London. B

                  Auteur : Royal society (GB)

                  Éditeur : printed by Harrison and sons (London)

                  Éditeur : The Royal society (London)

                  Date d'édition : 1888-1990

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb34422226r/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 00804622

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb34422226r

                  Description : Variante(s) de titre : Philosophical transactions of the Royal society of London

                  Description : Variante(s) de titre : Philosophical transactions of the Royal society of London

                  Description : Périodicité : Irrégulier

                  Description : Etat de collection : 1888 (vol. 178)-1939

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1908 Previous issue 1908 (VOL199). Next issue Last issue for the year 1908
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                  Title : Philosophical transactions of the Royal society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

                  Author : Royal society (GB)

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                  FACIAL CHARACTERS OF THE NEANDERTAL RACE. 305

                  Noné of these angles appear to be of any great importance they are ail largely
                  influencée! by the position of thé inion.

                  In the Gibraltar skull, which stands at a low morphological level, ail three angles,
                  so far as can be judged in the absence of the opisthion and lambda, are comparatively
                  small,

                  llie Height ofthe Omnium. Measurements of maximum height are given below
                  in the first column from the glabella-inion line, in the second from the nasi-inion line,
                  in the third from the glabella-lambda line and in the fourth from the basion point to
                  the vertex.

                  1

                  i- _1
                  The heights corresponding to those in the first two columns have been given for
                  the Neandertal group on p. 286; it only now remains to add.the so-called lambda,
                  calottal heights correspond ing to those in the third column they are as follows
                  Neandertal, 57 millims. Spy I, 51 millims. Spy II, 58 millims. Gibraltar,
                  55 millims. (?) from these numbers we ohtain an average o/ 55'2 with a variation of
                  +2'8 and 4'2 millims, The average of the "lambda" heights of the South
                  Australian skulls is 652 millims., the variation +98 and 9'2; thus the difference
                  between the means for the twoLgroups is no less than 10 millims. and if the range "of
                  variation was as great among the Neandertal people as among existing races they
                  would have presented a maximum "lambda" height of 55:2 +98 millims.
                  = 65 millims., or nearly the same as the average among the South Australian
                  skulls, and a minimum of 55'2 9'2 = 46 millims., thus approaching the skull of
                  Pithecanthropus.

                  The relation of the height above the glabella-lambda line to that above the basion
                  is not without interest it is not constant, but the limits within which it varies are
                  not excessive. This may be seen ftom the followingseries of indices obtained by'
                  dividing the height taken from the glabella-lambda line by that taken from the
                  Timainn ant\ miiifinlvino' hv 1 00.

                  o
                  basion and multiplying by 100.

                  Number. -Index. Number. Index. '•̃ Number. Index. Nu'inber.. Index.
                  _[_ I
                  991 49-6 993 46-9 995 47-4 4 999 48-0
                  992 49-3 994 52-8 [ 998 45-1 1001 50-4
                  992 '49'3 994 52'8 998

                  The average is 487 with a range ._of _e.â:6_and_ + 41.

                  The aver.age is 48'7 with a rangenofn=3.'ûancl+4'L.

                  VOL. CXCIX. B. 2 B- ̃̃

                  Number. yi. vi. y\. b. Number. yi. vi. yA. b. )
                  | millims. millims. millims. millims. millims. millims. < millims. millims.
                  991 93 98 69-5 1400 995 98 100 63 133
                  992 99 103 69-0 1400 998 84 •; 87 56 124
                  993 96 100 640 138-5 999 90 .95 61 127
                  994 115 119 75-0 1420 1001 96 99 64 127


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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