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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 546 / 1186)
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k27660k/f546.image


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                  514 INTRODUCTION TO ZDNI CEREMONIALISM [ETn.ANN.d7

                  ineluded in the sacred paraphernalia of the priests-pots of sacred
                  black paint, round stones, "thunder stones," obsidian knives, and
                  other objects, ail of which were brought from the lower world. The
                  e~to'we themselves are each in two parts, Ea/etow'e, water fetish,
                  and tcu~e~to'we, corn fetish. The rain-making function is decidedly
                  the more important.

                  In addition to the objects on the altar of their retreat, the chief
                  priesthood is said to maintain a permanent altar in the fourth under-
                  ground room of their house. In addition to the usual obj ects on priestly
                  altars, this altar contains two columns of rock, one of crystal and one
                  of turquoise, a heart-shaped rock which is "the heart of the world,"
                  with arteries reaching to the four cardinal points, and various prayer
                  sticks, including two, male and female, which are "the life of the
                  people." Ail objects on the altar, including thé e~to'we, are said to
                  be petrified. This altar is the center of the world, the spot beneath
                  the heart of Eânastep'a when he stretched out his arms. Only the
                  high priest himself has access to this chamber.44

                  The priests, as such, hold no public ceremonies, although their
                  presence is necessary at many ceremonies of other groups. Their
                  own ceremonies for the Uwanami are held in secret in the houses
                  where their fetishes are kept.

                  At the winter solstice the priesthoods observe a one-night retreat.
                  Following the planting of the prayer sticks to the sun is a taboo
                  period of 10 days, during which many rites are celebrated. On the
                  fifth or sixth night (depending on the phase of the moon) each priest-
                  hood goes into retreat in its ceremonial house. During the day the
                  priests make prayer sticks for the Uwanami of the different directions.
                  Before sunset these are deposited at a distant spring. When the
                  messengers return from the spring thé various sacred objects are
                  removed from their jars and placed on a meal painting, along with ears
                  of corn, clay models of peach trees, animals, even money, upon which
                  the blessing of increase is invoked. All night prayers are chanted
                  and songs sung. The ceremony ends at sunrise. This ceremony is
                  repeated by all the priests in their respective houses at the two full
                  moons following.

                  The great ceremonies of the priests occur after the summer solstice.
                  At this time rain is urgently needed for the young corn plants just
                  rising out of the ground. Thé rainy season starts about July 1.
                  Should the rains be delayed beyond that date great hardship is
                  suffered.

                  Four days following the summer planting of prayer sticks tbe
                  priesthoods begin their great series of summer retreats which last from
                  "Information concerning this altar was secured from a fairly reliable informant who gained access to it
                  and made a very remarkable painting of it. The author does not consider the information quite beyond
                  question, but gives it for what it may be worth.


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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