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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 515 / 1186)
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k27660k/f515.image


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                  BUNZEL] RELIGIOUS LIFE 483

                  loin cloth which constitutes their ceremonial costume, officers of the
                  Katcina society the white embroidered kilt and embroidered blanket
                  of the katcinas and, possibly, masks.~ Priests, curiously enough, are
                  adorned for burial with thé face paint and headdress of warriors."
                  Infants were formerly buried within thé houses, as was common in
                  almost ail prehistoric villages; because "they thought they would
                  have no place to go," and so they "wanted them around the house."
                  Most people admitted that there was some doubt whether the unini-
                  tiated, for example women, are admitted to Kohiwala'wa, although
                  folk tales frequently allude to their going there to join their husbands.
                  The rôle of the dead in the religious life is described below (p. 509).
                  At this point it need only be said that they are thé bestowers of all
                  blessings, and are identified especially with rain. If rain falls the
                  fourth day following the death of a noted man it is usually thought
                  of as bis rain, and is a source of consolation to the bereaved. The
                  worship of the dead is thé foundation of ail Zuni ritual. The dead
                  form part of the great spiritual essence of thé universe, but they are
                  the part winch is nearest and most intimate.

                  THE EXTERNAL WORLD

                  To the Zuni the whole world appears animate. Not only are night
                  and day, wind, clouds, and trees possessed of personality, but even
                  articles of human manufacture, such as houses, pots, and clothing, are
                  alive and sentient. All matter has its inseparable spiritual essence.
                  For the most part this spiritual aspect of things is vague and imper-
                  sonal. Although ail objects are called ho'i, "living person," in a
                  figurative sense, they are not definitely anthropomorphic; they have
                  consciousness but they do not possess human faculties. To ail these
                  beings is applied the term Eâpin ho'i "raw person"; man, on the
                  other hand, is a "cooked" person.

                  Prayers are full of description of natural phenomena in anthropo-
                  morphic guise. I quote some of the most striking:

                  When our sun father

                  Goes in to sit down at his ancient place,

                  And our night fathers,

                  Our mothers,

                  Night priests,

                  Raise their dark curtain over their ancient place.

                  That our earth mother may wrap herself

                  In a fourfold robe of white meal;

                  That she may be covered with frost Ëowers;

                  That yonder on ail the mossy mountains,

                  The forests may huddle together with the cold;

                  M Eodge is the authority for this statement.

                  Stevenson describes, pp. &15-317, the burial of Naiuchi, priest of the Bow and also head of Eagle clan
                  priesthood. However, the Onawapriesthood use the same face paint andheaddress in interring their dead.


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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