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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 509 / 1186)
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k27660k/f509.image


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                  BUNZEL! ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL LIFE 477

                  clans of the bride and groom, weddings are one of the most frequent
                  topics of conversation.

                  The économie unit is the household, whose nature and methods of
                  function illustrate admirably certain very fundamental Zuni atti-
                  tudes. The household is'a group of variable composition, consisting
                  theoretically of a maternai family; that is, a woman and her husband,
                  her daughters with their husbands and children. To this permanent
                  population is added a fluctuating group of miscellaneous male rela-
                  tives of the maternai line-the unmarried, widowed, divorced, and
                  those rendered homeless by passing domestic storms. This group
                  occupies a single house consisting of several connecting rooms. There
                  is a single kitchen drawing upon a common storehouse. The bouse-
                  hold owns certain cultivated fields which can not be alienated. In
                  addition, the various male members individually own certain fields
                  generally fields recently brought under cultivation-which remain
                  their own after they have severed connection with the household.
                  However, ail fields, whether collectively or individually owned, are
                  cultivated by the cooperative labor of the entire male population of
                  the household. The products go into thé common storeroom to
                  become thé collective property of the women of the household. The
                  women draw on thé common stores for daily food and trade thé surplus
                  for other commodities. Sheep are owned individually by men but
                  are herded cooperatively by groups of male kindred. When the
                  profits of the shearing are divided a man is expected out of these to
                  provide clothing for himself, his wife and children, including children
                  by previous marriages, and his mother and unmarried sisters, in case
                  they are not otherwise provided for.

                  Personal relations within the household are characterized by the
                  same lack of individual authority and responsibility that marks the
                  économie arrangements. The household has no authoritative head
                  to enforce any kind of discipline. There is no final arbiter in dis-
                  putes no open conflict. Ordinarily thé female contingent of blood
                  relatives presents a united front. A man finding himself out of har-
                  mony with the group may withdraw quietly whenever he chooses and
                  ally himself with another group. With his departure obligations
                  cease, and his successor fathers his children. Diffusion of authority
                  and responsibility is especially marked in the treatment of children.
                  The tribe is divided into 13 matrilineal exogamous clans, varying
                  greatly in size from the Yellowwood, consisting of two male members,
                  and which will therefore become extinct with the present generation,
                  to the large so-called Dogwood (PFtcikwe) clan, which comprises
                  several hundreds of individuals. The kinship system follows, in the
                  main, the Crow multiple clan system, ail members of one's own clan
                  being designated by classificatory terms. There are different terms
                  for classificatory relatives of the father's clan. Adoption is frequent,


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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