search inAll Gallica

search form for All Gallica

    search in Books

    search form for Books

      search in Manuscripts

      search form for Manuscripts

        search in Maps

        search form for Maps

          search in Images

          search form for Images

            search in Periodicals

            search form for Periodicals

              search in Sound recordings

              search form for Sound recordings

                search in Scores

                search form for Scores
                  Please type your search term
                  Home Consultation

                  Full record


                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation :

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance :

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 37 / 1186)
                  Download / Print
                  Fermer la popin

                  Téléchargement et impression

                  You can obtain several pages of this document as an electronic file. You may choose one of the following formats : PDF, single page JPEG or plain text.

                  Choisir le format du fichier :
                  JPEG (Only the current page)

                  Télécharger :
                  full document
                  a portion of this document

                  By checking this box, I acknowledge having read conditions of use and accept them.


                  Signalement d’anomalie / Contribution

                  Want to report an anomaly on the following document :

                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page :

                  Please describe the observed anomaly as exactly as possible,with the following proposals and/or the comment box.

                  Nature of the problem :

                  Wrong bibliographic data

                  Inconsistency between bibligraphic data and document posted

                  Blurred and truncated images

                  Incomplete Document or missing pages :

                  Incorrect or incomplete table of contents

                  Download problem

                  Unavailable Document



                  audio mode

                  Full Screen

                  other (please specify in comments)

                  Other (please specify in comments)

                  Comments :

                  Please leave us your email so we can respond :

                  Please copy the characters you see in the picture

                  The text doesn't conform to the displayed image

                  Order a reproduction
                  Fermer la popin

                  Order a reproduction

                  Pour commander une image en haute définition au sein de ce document, merci de sélectionner la page souhaitée puis de cliquer sur "Acheter une reproduction". Par ce moyen, seule la commande d'images à l'unité est possible. Si vous souhaitez commander un nombre important d'images ou pour toute autre demande, merci de nous contacter via ce formulaire


                  Send by e-mail

                  A mail has been sent A problem occured, the e-mail delivery failed. Please try again.

                  Search module

                  Click here to toogle the search panel

                  Search results

                  Search this document

                  Rechercher dans ce périodique

                  The text below has been produced using a process called optical character recognition (O.C.R.). Since it is an automatic process, it is subject to errors you might find in this page.

                  The recognition rate for this document is 89.32 %.

                  -mnTE] HISTORICAL SKETCH OF ACOMA 27

                  It was decided to send Don Vicente Zaldivar, the brother of Don
                  Juan, to punish the Acomas. Not only was revenge in order but
                  other pueblos must not see Acoma remain victorious. So on the
                  21st of January, 1599, Captain Vicente de Zaldivar arrived at Acoma
                  with 70 men, including Villagrâ. It is said that Zutucapan was very
                  defiant. Other leaders, especially one Chumpo, urged the removal
                  of women and children from the mesa before any fighting began.
                  Zutucapan and his followers were very confident, however, and
                  everyone remained in the pueblo.

                  The fight began. Zaldivar sent most of his men to engage the
                  Indians at the trail, while 12 men stealthily ascended the south mesa,
                  unnoticed by the Indians, and gained the summit. The fight lasted
                  two or three days. According to Villagrâ the siege must have resem-
                  bled the siege of Troy; great struggles of great heroes rocked the
                  mesa. As a matter of fact, the Spaniards lost only one man. When
                  they finally gained the village they killed many Indians and burned
                  their houses. Chumpo, he who had counseled caution, was allowed
                  to settle on the plain below with his followers.~

                  It is said that the Acomas saw Santiago hovering over the Span-
                  iards on a white horse during the fight. The Spaniards were as
                  ready to believe this as were the Indians.13

                  The Acoma people were soon back on the top of their mesa. And
                  they were far from friendly. Father Zârate Salmeron is said to have
                  "pacined" the Acomas about 1620. In his Relaci6n he states that
                  one Capt. Gerônimo Marquez had told him that he had once seen
                  on the walls of an estufa at Acoma some pictures of Aztecs. The
                  Acomas said that these people had come from the west some years
                  previous; and since they had never seen any people like them, they
                  had painted their likeness on the walls of their estufa. 'When they
                  left, the Aztecs went toward the Rio Grande pueblos. Father Zârate
                  made inquiry at some of the Rio Grande pueblos; and although he
                  was frequently told about these strangers, he never succeeded in
                  absolutely identifying them as people from Mexico.~

                  In 1629 (approximately) Father Juan Ramirez went to Acoma.
                  He chose this pueblo because he had heard that they were the most
                  rebellious of all the tribes. Upon (or shortly after) his arrivai he
                  restored a child, who had just expired, with holy water and appro-
                  It is said that 600 accompanied Chumpo. Thé total population was estimated at 6,000, which is at
                  least four times too large, I believe.

                  In a letter to the viceroy, thé Count of Monterey, dated Mar. 2, 1599, Onate wrote as Miows:
                  because my maese de campo was not as cautious as he should have been, they killed him with 12
                  companions in a great pueblo and fortress called Acoma, which must contain about 3,000 Indians. As
                  punishment for its crime and its treason against its majesty to whom it bas already rendered submission
                  by a public instrument (t), and as a warning to the rest (of the pueblos), 1 razed it and burned it com-
                  pletely." This is without doubt a great exaggeration, 1 believe. (See Bolton, Spanish Exploration in
                  the Southwest, p. 218.)

                  li See his Re]aciën, translated in Land of Sunshine, vol. xn.

                  Source: / Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Test the future version of Gallica and discover its simplified viewer


                  Permalink on this document

                  Permalink on this page
                  Embeddable widget

                  Embeddable thumbnail
                  Send by e-mail

                  Blogs and social networks