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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation :

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance :

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

                  First issue for the year 1929 Previous issue 1929 (N47)-1930. Next issue Last issue for the year 1929
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 286 / 1186)
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                  The text below has been produced using a process called optical character recognition (O.C.R.). Since it is an automatic process, it is subject to errors you might find in this page.

                  The recognition rate for this document is 89.32 %.

                  256 ISLETA, NEW MEXICO [ETH.~NN.~

                  13. Chief of one of the two Black Corn divisions, Magpie (k'Qara), with assist-
                  ant, and one other member. Chief of the other Black Corn division, Poplar
                  (naride), with assistant, and one other member.

                  14. Chief of Yellow Corn people, with assistant, and one other member.
                  15. Chief of one of the two Blue Corn divisions, pachiri, with assistant, and
                  one other member. Chief of the other Blue Corn division, tutenehu', with

                  16. Chief of AU Colors Corn people, who are referred to as ietainin (Corn
                  people), with assistant.

                  17. Chief of Eagle (shyu kabede), AU Colors Corn people, with one member.
                  Chief of Goose (k<H kabede k66ide), AU Colors Corn people.

                  18. shichu kabede, chief of shichu, Ail Colors Corn people, with assistant.
                  1. TOWN CHIEF (T'AIKABEDE)

                  The office is not hereditary nor is it associated with or filled from any
                  ceremonial group, although, as already stated, there is a theory that it
                  is filled in turn in the usual circuit from thé Corn groups. The present
                  town chief belongs to the White Corn group and so does his assistant
                  and prospective successor, referred to as kumpa. When I pointed out
                  the failure of the theory of succession, I was told that should kumpa
                  not wish to take the office, then the chief of the White Corn group
                  would seek for a successor in the Black Corn group, the group next
                  to the White Corn in the color circuit.

                  The present town chief is Dolores Hohola or paptôa (Bapthur) or
                  Pollen. He is between 65 and 75 years old and has been in office from
                  13 to 14 years.~ He had been kumpa to his predecessor, Ijuo, Arrow,
                  who belonged to AU Colors Corn groupe paptôa belongs to the
                  Black Eyes moiety.

                  The town chief is constantly referred to as the source of all the
                  ceremonial life, in thé sensé that permission to hold ceremonies or
                  dances must be sought from him, and reports of ceremonies are made
                  to him. On bis own initiative he may ask for ceremonies, as when
                  he asks the medicine societies for their spring ceremony to quiet old
                  man Wind, or their summer ceremony to enliven him against excessive
                  heat; or to perform ritual against grasshoppers. The summer rain
                  ceremony the town chief appears to conduct himself.

                  That the office of cacique (town chief) is now filled is generally denied by Isletans. I presume this is
                  camouflage, just as when I referred to the t'aikabede to Lucinda she murmured, "T'aikabede, t'aikabede,
                  what fs that word?" However, Felipe of Laguna, who had no reason for concealment, also stated that the
                  office was vacant (Parsons, 9: 158, n. 3). According to one account, the last town chief was Antonio
                  Montoya or Turtuo (Sun Arrow), probably identical with E,no above named, of the Blue Corn people
                  (pachurnin). He died about 1896, so old he could not walk. His successor died before he was installed.
                  (See, too, Parsons, 9: 168, n. 3) According to this same account, a considerable period, 10 years or so,
                  is allowed to elapse before installing the town chief, during which the candidate is in training and the widow
                  of the deceased town chief is looked after and worked for by the people as if she were town chief The
                  predecessor of Turluo was his father, Turshan, Sunrise, of the Blue Corn people. Turshan was town chief
                  "before the railway came through," i. e., 1880. A descendant relates that once Turshan broke the
                  "t'aïkabede ruJes" and was whipped. (See p. 36B.)

                  The houses of paptôa and Luo were adjacent.

                  Source: / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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