search inAll Gallica

search form for All Gallica

    search in Books

    search form for Books

      search in Manuscripts

      search form for Manuscripts

        search in Maps

        search form for Maps

          search in Images

          search form for Images

            search in Periodicals

            search form for Periodicals

              search in Sound recordings

              search form for Sound recordings

                search in Scores

                search form for Scores
                  Please type your search term
                  Home Consultation

                  Full record


                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation :

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance :

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

                  First issue for the year 1903 Previous issue 1903 (N25)-1904. Next issue Last issue for the year 1903
                  First page Previous page Page
                  Next page Last page (Screen 94 / 588)
                  Download / Print
                  Fermer la popin

                  Téléchargement et impression

                  You can obtain several pages of this document as an electronic file. You may choose one of the following formats : PDF, single page JPEG or plain text.

                  Choisir le format du fichier :
                  JPEG (Only the current page)

                  Télécharger :
                  full document
                  a portion of this document

                  By checking this box, I acknowledge having read conditions of use and accept them.


                  Signalement d’anomalie / Contribution

                  Want to report an anomaly on the following document :

                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Url of the page :

                  Please describe the observed anomaly as exactly as possible,with the following proposals and/or the comment box.

                  Nature of the problem :

                  Wrong bibliographic data

                  Inconsistency between bibligraphic data and document posted

                  Blurred and truncated images

                  Incomplete Document or missing pages :

                  Incorrect or incomplete table of contents

                  Download problem

                  Unavailable Document



                  audio mode

                  Full Screen

                  other (please specify in comments)

                  Other (please specify in comments)

                  Comments :

                  Please leave us your email so we can respond :

                  Please copy the characters you see in the picture

                  The text doesn't conform to the displayed image

                  Order a reproduction
                  Fermer la popin

                  Order a reproduction

                  Pour commander une image en haute définition au sein de ce document, merci de sélectionner la page souhaitée puis de cliquer sur "Acheter une reproduction". Par ce moyen, seule la commande d'images à l'unité est possible. Si vous souhaitez commander un nombre important d'images ou pour toute autre demande, merci de nous contacter via ce formulaire


                  Send by e-mail

                  A mail has been sent A problem occured, the e-mail delivery failed. Please try again.

                  Search module

                  Click here to toogle the search panel

                  Search results

                  Search this document

                  Rechercher dans ce périodique

                  The text below has been produced using a process called optical character recognition (O.C.R.). Since it is an automatic process, it is subject to errors you might find in this page.

                  The recognition rate for this document is 88.8 %.

                  64: THE ABORIGINES OF PORTO RICO t;ETH.ANN.25
                  t T~ ~l- .C f~ T- ~1-.

                  older writings. Doctor Cronau figures two Lucayan clay pipe bowls
                  of a bird form identical with certain mound pipes that are now in the
                  Nassau library, New Providence island, Bahamas. As similar forms
                  have not been recorded from the more southerly West Indies and lit-
                  tle is known of the history of those from Bahama, it is desirable to
                  détermine their antiquity and to know definitely the locality in which
                  they were found.

                  In aboriginal secular smoking it was customary to roll the tobacco

                  leaf in much the same way that cigars are now made, and a cigar is
                  even now called a "tobacco" in the West Indies. The companions
                  of Columbus noticed the Cuban Indians smoking tobacco in this form.
                  Gômara says that the islanders ate tobacco, but it is more probable
                  that theysimply chewed the herb for ils narcotic influences, the object
                  being to obtain psycho-religious suggestions.

                  A beverage made from the root of the manioc was used in dances,

                  · many of which closed with a general debauch in which all the partici-
                  pants became intoxicated. There is every reason to suppose that this
                  drink was prepared in the same way as the intoxicant employed by
                  the Guiana Indians described by im Thurn.

                  RITES AND CEREMONIES

                  For our knowledge of thé ceremonies of -the prehistoric Porto

                  Ricans we must rely wholly on early authors whose accounts relate
                  to the Indians of Haiti rather than to those of Porto Rico.. As all
                  agree that there was close similarity in the inhabitants of the two
                  islands we are justified in the belief that the descriptions given hold
                  good also for the Indians of Borinquen, or Porto Rico. There is,
                  besides, a certain parallelism in the ceremonies of all primitive peo-
                  ples, a knowledge of which may be used in interpreting the ritual
                  of any individual tribe.

                  The most important communal ceremonies among the Haitians were

                  performed for rain and the growth of the crops, but there were cere-
                  monies for success in war and for curing the sick, commemoration
                  rites over the dead, initiation rites, and various others. In some
                  instances these rites took the form of elaborate dances, accompanied
                  by prayers, songs, and other performances. Dramatization played an
                  important part in all ceremonies and was especially prominent in war
                  dances, in which were represented the motive of the war, the depar-
                  ture of the warriors, ambuscades, surprise of the enemy, combat, cele-
                  bration of the victory, and return of the war party, accompanied with
                  mortuary rites of a commemorative nature, for the fallen (plate ix).
                  These dramatizations were called by the same name as other cere-
                  monial dances celebrated on important occasions. A dance, or <M'6~o,
                  accompanied the birth of a child and the death of a cacique. In
                  medicinal practice it was regarded as a means of augmenting the

                  Source: / Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Test the future version of Gallica and discover its simplified viewer


                  Permalink on this document

                  Permalink on this page
                  Embeddable widget

                  Embeddable thumbnail
                  Send by e-mail

                  Blogs and social networks