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                  Titre : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Auteur : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

                  Éditeur : Government printing office (Washington)

                  Date d'édition : 1895-1964

                  Contributeur : Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902). Directeur de publication

                  Type : texte,publication en série imprimée

                  Langue : Anglais

                  Format : application/pdf

                  Droits : domaine public

                  Identifiant : ark:/12148/cb37575968z/date

                  Identifiant : ISSN 0097269X

                  Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France

                  Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37575968z

                  Description : Périodicité : Annuel

                  Description : Etat de collection : n. 1 (1879)-n. 48 (1931)

                  Provenance : bnf.fr

                  Date de mise en ligne : 15/10/2007

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                  First issue for the year 1903 Previous issue 1903 (N25)-1904. Next issue Last issue for the year 1903
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                  Title : Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution

                  Author : Bureau of American ethnology (Washington, D.C.)

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                  82 THE ABOBIGINE8 OF PORTO RICO LETB:.ANN.2B

                  a.a A ~L_ 1 l'

                  disappeared, and the remainder have been partially destroyed, so tliat
                  it can not be determined whether the walls once completely surrounded
                  the inclosure or whether passageways were left in the corners or other
                  places. Doctor Stahl mentions one of these sites near the source of
                  the Bayamon river, on the border of Aguas Buenas and Bayamon.
                  Another was found on the banks of the Manati river, in the high
                  mountains o'f Corosal.

                  The ball courts examined by the present author were situated for

                  the most part on terraces or on land fringing rivers, elevated high
                  enough to be above freshets, and yet lying in river valleys that could
                  be cultivated. The center of the inclosure is ordinarily lower than
                  the surrounding plain. In most instances the alignment of the stones
                  bas been disturbëd, and none of these structures which bas been
                  examined has an unbroken surrounding wall. As a rule, only a few
                  of thé stones which once composed them now stand upright. Many
                  of these structures are now found in the mountains but there is good
                  evidence that in prehistoric times they were most numerous on the
                  coastal plains. The latter regions are now given up mostly to sugar
                  cultivation and have been planted with cane for so many years that all
                  traces of aboriginal structures in them have been completely oblit-
                  erated. Along the banks of the Rio Grande de Arecibo and its tribu-
                  taries there are still found.many remuants of bail courts, especially in
                  the high mountains in the middle of the island. At present the best
                  preserved are found near the towns Utuado and Adjuntas. There is a
                  good specimen about 50 steps from the main road between Utuado
                  and Adjuntas, just north of the latter town. ·

                  During his archeological studies in Utuado in 1903 over 20 5<~ys
                  were brought to the author's attention, the most important and best-
                  preserved being somewhat distant from that town. The following
                  may be mentioned as the best known: (1) Cayuco, (2) Arenas, (3) Salto
                  Arriba, (4) Vivi Abajo, (5) Jayuya, (6) Mameyes, (7) Paso del Palma,
                  (8) Alonso, (9) Alfonso, (10) several in the barrios of Utuado.

                  Just outside the boundary wall of everyone of the inclosures studied

                  by the author there were found one or more low mounds which bear
                  superficial ev idences of having been made by human hands. Excava-
                  tions in one of these mounds near Utuado were made by the writer in
                  1903, and a brief reference to the result of his work appears in the
                  following quotation from his account of Porto Rican pictography: a

                  In my studies of one of these inclosures at Utuado I found that the main road

                  from that town to Adjuntas had eut through the edge of one of the mounds, b reveal-
                  ing, a few feet below the surface, a layer of soil containing fragments of pottery, a
                  few broken celts, and the long bones of an adult. This discovery induced me to
                  extend a trench diametrically through the mound, parallel with the sides of the
                  <t~lmerM'<mJLH</fmpo!ûs'M, n. s., v., no. 3, 457, 1903.

                  b The author identifies tnese mounds with the caneys mentioned by Antonio Bachiller y Morales

                  in his well-known work, Cuba Primitiva.


                  Source: gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

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